Programme talk: the wing tsun guard - it’s purpose and what it teaches:

The traditional wing tsun guard embodies the core principles of the wing tsun system. Creating a guard that uses touch sensitivity as a primary defence, the centre line to control the focus of attacks, and a hand always behind the primary guard hand to attack when a way is free to strike.

What is the wing tsun guard?

The leading arm:

The leading arm, is often referred to as the ‘questioning arm’ (Man-sao) in wing tsun. This arm acts as a sensor, ready to receive any feeling of touch from a frontal or straight attack that the arm may feel. Allowing our body to react to the pressure and counter striking with the back hand.

This makes frontal strikes against a wing tsun guard very difficult since even if the front hand is passed, you are either exposed to a strike from the back hand or met in a stale mate in which both opponents cannot strike if their frontal arm.

The leading arm extends forward with a open palm and the fingers slightly pointed up. the arm is lock locked or over extended as this can leave you prone to being pulled off balance. Rather relaxed and keeping the extension back, ready to strike if an entrance in the opponent’s defence is found.

Back arm:

The back hand is the back up, ready to support the front in any way possible. If the front back is pushed away, the back hand replaces him. If the front hand defends against a strike, the back hand is there punching with him. Although both hands are in different positions, they work together in unison to create a solid and complex defence system against strikes.

The elbows of these two arms are kept low and the wrists on a central line from your solar plexus to your opponent’s to dominate any kind of frontal force. While making circular attacks (such as hooks and roundhouse punches) that come away from the centre line clear and easier to defend.

The Centre line:

Apart from taking control of your opponents method of striking and attack, the wing tsun guard also offers a vital defence to your most vital organs. All the most vulnerable parts of your body are vertically located along the centre of your body: the labella, bridge of the nose, the larynx, solar plexus, heart, stomach, bladder and genitals. When you include the frontal leg as part of the wing tsun stance, all these body parts are protected by the wing tsun stance. While you strike down this line in a fast and effective striking pattern to the opponents vertical central line, hitting all his most vulnerable body parts. You are striking down a straight line, this makes this method of fighting the fastest way to attack as well as protecting you against any strikes to your vulnerable organs as your opponent must clear your hands away before he can attack them. Leaving a constant barrier between you and your opponent.

With this guard as a foundation for hand positioning before a fight even commences. This gives the wing tsun practitioner a clear advantage and gives his mind a structure to such a chaotic situation such as combat.

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